Beneficial features of pomegranatesThe pomegranate is not only a tasty fruit but also a whole vitamin and mineral complex. The key features of pomegranate fruit include high contents of carbohydrates (sugars), organic acids and polyphenols.
Moreover, pomegranate contains a high percentage of thiamin (vitamin В1), riboflavin (B) and P-vitamin active substances, 15 different amino acids, including 6 essential ones (methionine, lysine, valine, leucine, etc.).
Study of Goychay pomegranates
In 2011-2014, within the framework of a special-purpose research project, scientists of the Federal State Budget-Funded Education Institution (FGBOU) of Higher Professional Education (VPO) (Moscow State University of Food Products) have conducted studies of properties of pomegranates, their cultivation and processing technologies in the Goychay region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Based on the results of the studies conducted jointly with Azerbaijani specialists in the field of pomegranate agricultural production and industrial processing, it was established that natural conditions of cultivation and state-of-the-art technologies of pomegranate processing ensure that the produced juice is characterized by a wide range of biologically active substances, which determine the high nutritive and beneficial status of the products. The most typical substances contained in the juice produced of pomegranates grown in the Goychay region of the Republic of Azerbaijan, are flavonoids, anthocyanins (that have a positive effect on the function of the human cardiovascular system), vitamin C, B1, B2, B6, niacin — vitamin PP and vitamin E (in amounts from 0.01 to 10 mg/100 ml), and macro (potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium — from 1 to 300 mg/100 ml) and microelements (manganese, copper, zinc, selenium — from 8 to 600 mcg/100 ml). The key spectrum of nutrients contained in pomegranates and pomegranate juice is determined by carbohydrates — glucose and fructose (up to 20%), fruit acids — lemon and apple (up to 10%), and minerals (up to 0.3 %).
The results of the research conducted allow to attribute pomegranate juice to the most valuable products of plant origin, having natural functional properties and being of high importance for formation of a well balanced diet.Regular consumption of pomegranate boosts the immune system, improves blood flows and stabilizes blood pressure.
Vitamins of B and Р groups strengthen the nervous system and improve the body’s blood producing function. Large amounts of antioxidants contained in pomegranate are vital for people living in polluted metropolitan areas or in regions exposed to radioactive contamination.
Since ancient times, pomegranate has been famous as a useful eatable and medical plant. They say Hippocrates himself used juice of pomegranate fruit to treat his patients. Legendary eastern rulers, medieval kings and Russian tsars wanted to see the pomegranate on their tables on a daily basis.